Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women, and children fall into the hands of traffickers, be it in their own countries or abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether it is a country of origin, transit, or destination for victims. Human trafficking has become one of the major issues in India as well as throughout the world. The main focus of this article will be on women and children trafficking and the reasons behind it. First, let us understand what human trafficking actually means. It means the business of humans, carried out, for the sake of profit of others. When we move around in the society we find many child beggars, though we rarely think about how they were brought to such a condition and who is responsible for this, rather we sympathize for them and give them some money or something to eat and the mentality behind this is that they are beggars who need help. We see many cases happening in front of us but we never come forward to help anyone. The thinking being that it’s happening someone else and not with family, so why interfere? Human Trafficking is seen on a very large scale in urban areas and is more efficiently executed in metropolitan cities. The victims of such trafficking are extensively used for labour, some are forced to beg, to rob, etc. And these victims are those who either don’t have a family or financial support.
Human trafficking is a market-driven criminal industry that is based on the principles of supply and demand, like drugs or arms trafficking. Many factors make children and adults vulnerable to human trafficking. However, human trafficking does not exist solely because many people are vulnerable to exploitation. Instead, human trafficking is fuelled by a demand for cheap labours, services, and commercial sex. Human traffickers are those who employ force, fraud, or coercion to victimize others in their desire to profit from the existing demand. To ultimately solve the problem of human trafficking, it is essential to address these demand-driven factors, as well as to alter the overall market incentives of high-profit and low-risk that traffickers currently exploit. Trafficking involves transporting someone into a situation of exploitation. This can include forced labours, marriage, prostitution, and organ removal. These kinds of exploitation are known by a few different names — “human trafficking,” “trafficking of persons,” and “modern slavery” are the ones accepted by the US Department of State
It’s estimated that internationally there are between 20 to 40 million people in modern slavery today. Assessing the full scope of human trafficking is difficult because so many cases often go undetected, something the United Nations refers to as “the hidden figure of crime.” Estimates suggest that, internationally, only about 0.04% of survivors of human trafficking cases are identified, meaning that the vast majority of cases of human trafficking go undetected.
Globally, an estimated 71% of enslaved people are women and girls, while men and boys account for 29%.
As I’ve gone through some cases, human trafficking is primarily based on a few fundamental questions.
Why did it happen? i.e., what was the reason or motive behind the crime?
Who was at fault in it?
If we take an example of trafficking of teenage girls, they are trafficked for the sake of sexual business or in the other words prostitution, and people think that she is a characterless person, but no one asks as to why she is in this business or what might be the reason that she felt the need to do this. Girls are brought here by manipulation and those residing in rural areas are targeted frequently. They are lured in by convincing them that the boy loves her and wants to marry her and asks her to run away and come reside with him. Also, sometimes some of the criminals are so rich and wealthy that they use their criminal minds to look out for families in rural areas who are weak financially and then manipulate them by presenting promises that they will keep their daughter happy and marry her, which are appealing terms, readily accepted by the family. The criminal takes away their daughter, and the families, without any cross-checking or getting all the details, just hands over their daughter to a stranger and as a result, their daughter becomes the victim of human trafficking.
Another very famous and common reason for women trafficking is manipulating the girl and her parents by convincing them to give her a job in a huge city with a huge salary. Due to the limelight, the parents are easily convinced. The criminal takes away their daughter and involves her in the business of prostitution or sells the girl to someone else. The very interesting thing to know in such cases is that a girl who is sold to someone reaches them so quickly that we are to understand how huge a chain of the crime of human trafficking is and how many people are involved in it.
A new trend that has started since a few decades is that even hostels and orphanage in many states witness the illegal business of human trafficking. The ashrams that are made particularly for the widows, which can be called as a scared place or the only support for them, are not left from this inhuman activity. Criminals carrying out these activities have affiliations to some politician or some other power, which provides some kind of immunity to them and they do not deter from carrying out such business. As a result of such affiliations, justice is not rendered to the weaker or the underprivileged class.
When we talk about children, they are used as beggars. It is just because people simply show some sympathy and give them something instead of looking for the reasons behind it. I assure you that once each and every individual sees any child beggar and will try to look out for the reason behind his begging, trafficking of the children will be prevented and can be decreased dramatically, thereby exposing some true criminals.
I hope that my writing brings some difference and puts some light on people and everyone will start being a helping hand for all the children who are been victimized of human trafficking. I hope it puts some light on the teen girls and their parents for them to be aware about these facts.